Rhetorical Persuasion in Sara Duterte’s Basic Education Curriculum Advocacy: A Sociopragmatic Analysis

Authors

  • Geterel John M. Abregana College of Teacher Education, The University of Mindanao, Davao del Sur, Philippines
  • Almira Luz M. Mabale College of Teacher Education, The University of Mindanao, Davao del Sur, Philippines
  • Laica M. Mendiola College of Teacher Education, The University of Mindanao, Davao del Sur, Philippines
  • Christian Jay O. Syting College of Teacher Education, The University of Mindanao, Davao del Sur, Philippines
https://doi.org/10.54012/jcell.v4i1.312
Abstract views: 101


PDF downloads: 18


Keywords:

education, interviews and speeches, Philippines, pragmatic analysis, Sara Duterte's advocacies

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the pragmatic features of Sara Duterte's advocacies regarding the Basic Education Curriculum in the Philippines. The research data, gathered from 2022 to 2023 during Duterte's tenure as Secretary of the Department of Education, included an interview and speeches totaling 5 hours and 16 minutes. Using dimensions of pragmatics, including presupposition (Stalnaker, 1973), implicature (Grice, 1975), felicity conditions (Searle, 1969), and politeness strategies (Brown & Levinson, 1987), the analysis revealed several key findings. The presuppositions identified included learner success and employability, inclusive education, a supportive learning environment, teacher support and development, education system improvement, and learner values and development. Implicatures conveyed messages of resiliency, heroic qualities, perseverance, and involvement beyond education. The illocutionary forces identified were assertives, directives, and commissives, each examined for adherence to the conditions necessary for their validity. Additionally, Duterte strategically employed politeness strategies such as positive politeness, negative politeness, bald-on-record, and off-record strategies. These findings offer a deeper understanding of how political figures strategically use language to shape public opinion and policy agendas, particularly in critical areas such as education. By comprehending the pragmatic underpinnings of political discourse, stakeholders can better discern the intentions and potential impacts of such advocacies, facilitating informed decision-making and societal progress.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alavidze, M. (2019). The Use of pronouns in political discourse. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321533698_The_Use_of_Pronouns_in_Political_Discourse

Balaanz, D. (2023). Analysis of speech act in presidential election speeches. www.academia.edu.https://www.academia.edu/113663777/Analysis_of_Speech_Act_in_Presidential_Election_Speeches

Balogun, S. & Murana, M. (2018) “Language in political discourse: A pragmatic study of presupposition and politeness in the inaugural speech of President Donald Trump.” Bulletin of Advanced English Studies

Becker, M. (2019). The Power of letting children learn together. https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/explainers/value-inclusive-education#:~:text=Inclusive%20education%20values%20diversity%20and,in%20decisions%20that%20affect%20them

Beltrama, A., & Papafragou, A. (2023). Pragmatic violations affect social inferences about the speaker. Glossa Psycholinguistics, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.5070/g601197

Brown, P. Levinson, S. C., & Gumperz, J. J. (1987). Politeness: some universals in language usage (studies in interactional sociolinguistics 4) (reissue ed.). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813085

Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research design: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. https://www.ucg.ac.me/skladiste/blog_609332/objava_105202/fajlovi/Creswell.pdf

Courtney, M. B. (2023). Striving for excellence: The Importance of continuous improvement in education. Courtney Consulting. https://www.matthewbcourtney.com/post/striving-for-excellence-the-importance-of-continuous-improvement-in-education

Dehideniya, D., Ekanayake, S. Y., & Gamage, K. A., (2021). The role of personal values in learning approaches and student achievements. Behavioral Sciences, 11(7), 102. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11070102 (2021) The Role of personal values in learning approaches and student achievements. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8301052/

Gelilang, W., Tenito, P. C., & Varona, B. S. (2021) A Discourse analysis on president Duterte's speech acts in-relation-to the novel coronavirus. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354523607_A_Discourse_Analysis_on_President_Duterte's_Speech_Acts_in-relation-to_the_Novel_CoronaVirus

Janeke, B. (2023). The Importance of considering employability while studying. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/importance-considering-employability-while-studying-belinda-janeke/

Khairat, M. E. (2018). Implicatures in political discourse on Indonesia Lawyers Club Show. Journal Polingua: Scientific Journal of Linguistic Literatura and Education, 5(1), 4–24. https://doi.org/10.30630/polingua.v5i1.18

Leech G. (1983). Principles of pragmatics. Longmans. London. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/studies-in-second-languageacqui sition/article/abs/principles-of-pragmatics-geoffrey-n-leech-london-and-nw-york-longman-1983-pp

Mariana, N. (2021). Politeness and impoliteness in the political discourse - GRIN. https://www.grin.com/document/1158424?lang=en

Mišić Ilić, B., & Radulović, M. (2015). Commissive and expressive illocutionary acts in political discourse. Lodz Papers in Pragmatics. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/lpp-2015003/html?lang=

Oraibi, H. A., & Fadhel, A. P. W. N. (2023). A Socio-pragmatic study of position as power dynamic in the American political discourse. Al-Bahith Journal. https://uokerbala.edu.iq/wp-content/uploads/2023/02/Rp_A-SocioPragmatic Study-of-Position-as-Power-Dynamic-in-the-American-PoliticalDiscourse.

Pagdilao, A. (2018). Speech act analysis in the state of the city address of mayor. https://www.academia.edu/40452569/speech_act_analysis_in_the_state_of_the_city_address_of_mayor

Qualtrics (2023). Teacher development 101: what is it and why is it important? https://www.qualtrics.com/au/experience-management/industry/teacher-development/

Rahayu, F. N., Arifin, M. B., & Ariani, S. (2018). Illocutionary act in the main characters’ utterances in mirror mirror movie. Jurnal Ilmu Budaya. https://e-journals.unmul.ac.id/index.php/JBSSB/article/view/1065/0

Sari, Y. K. (2016). An analysis of politeness strategy in Barack Obama’s victory speech.https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/bitstream/123456789/34405/1/yani%20kurnia%20sari-fah.pdf

Syting, C. O. (2018). Politeness Strategies in Classroom Interaction: A Discourse Analysis. Tin-aw, 2(1).

Syting, C. J. & Gildore, P. J. (2022). Teachers’ linguistic politeness in classroom interaction: a pragmatic analysis. https://doi.org/10.5430/wjel.v12n8p133

Tian, L. (2021). Critical discourse analysis of political discourse — a case study of Trump’s Tv speech. Theory And Practice in Language Studies, 11(5), 516–520. https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.1105.08

Tsindos, T. (2023). Chapter 23: Discourse analysis. Pressbooks. https://oercollective.caul.edu.au/qualitativeresearch/chapter/__unknown__-23/

WWC (2020). Supportive learning environment interventions review protocol. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Document/285#:~:text=A%20supportive%20learning%20environment%20is,student%20outcomes%20and%20teacher%20practice.

Downloads

Published

2024-07-10

How to Cite

Abregana, G. J., Mabale, A. L., Mendiola, L., & Syting, C. J. . (2024). Rhetorical Persuasion in Sara Duterte’s Basic Education Curriculum Advocacy: A Sociopragmatic Analysis. Journal Corner of Education, Linguistics, and Literature, 4(1), 75–91. https://doi.org/10.54012/jcell.v4i1.312

Issue

Section

Articles